The Sundarbans is the biggest and most diverse mangrove forest in the world, and is the home of the Bengal tiger, the estuarine crocodile and the Indian python. It is situated on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal. Bangladesh has more than two-thirds of the Sundarbans and the rest is in West Bengal, India. The area is known for its diverse range of fauna, including 35 species of reptiles, 270 bird species, and 42 species of mammals.
Literally translated as 'beautiful forest', but some believe that the Sundarbans is named so because of the Sundari trees that grow in the salty coastal waters. About two-fifths of the Sundarbans region's overall surface area is covered with mangrove forests, and water covers approximately half of that area. Forces of nature, including land erosion, costal winds and human activity in the area result in the constant transformation of the landscape.
The Sundarbans Tiger Reserve was created in 1973 to protect the habitat of the elusive Bengal tigers. Further, in 1984, Sundarbans National Park was established, constituting a core region within the tiger reserve. It was deemed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987. In addition, three noncontiguous wildlife sanctuaries, Sundarbans East, West and South set up in Bangladesh's portion of the Sundarbans were collectively named a World Heritage site in 1997. The entire Sundarbans property is situated within a larger UNESCO Biosphere Reserve that was designated in November, 2001.
The best way to visit the Indian side of Sundarbans is by an organized tour that leaves from Kolkata. Tour operators will take care of permits, lodging and boarding and getting around. The Sundarbans is only accessible by boat, and the entire excursion takes place on water – imagine the thrill of it all! Don't be disappointed if you don't see tigers, they're usually shy and stay well hidden. Remember to carry your binoculars and take in unique sights, flora and fauna that you'd find nowhere else.
Sundarbans - THINGS TO KNOW
Wildlife, Adventure, Island
Bengali, English & Hindi