Betla National park, earlier known as Palamu Sanctuary is located in Jharkhand State on Chotanagpur plateau of India. The park has Koel River and its tributaries running through in its northern portion. Betla national park was the first park which is declared as Tiger reserve in India.
The park has a rich ecosystem. Apart from elephants, sloth bear, leopard, panther, wild bear, chital, nilgai, mouse deer, porcupine and chinkara, wolf and Jackals are sighted in Betla national park. The park boasts a wide variety of wild life. "BETLA" is an acronym of the following words: bison, elephant, tiger, leopard, and axis-axis.
This national park doesn’t appoint the bird watchers as well, because the vast number of bird species that can be seen in this park. Some of them are peafowl, red jungle fowl, white necked stork, hornbill, red jungle fowl, black partridge, wagtails etc. Beside this range of eco-systems, park is also renowned for waterfalls and hot springs. A 16th century fort which belongs to Chero Kings is situated inside the park.
There are options available to observe wild life from close range. There are elephant and jeeps safaris available and also many watch towers have been constructed to view the wild life.
Though the park is open throughout the year, best time to sight the wildlife is from May to June during summers when foliage is not as thick. But best time to visit the park in term of weather is from November and March. Betla village is the entry point to the park which is about 170 KMs from Ranchi.
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