Borra Caves , Araku Valley
About Borra Caves
Borra Caves are situated near Araku Valley and is a very famous tourist spot in Andhra State. The Borra Caves are recognised as the largest and deepest caves in India are located in the Ananthagiri hills of of the Vishakapatnam district. There are many mythological stories affiliated to these caves and one such story lead to the establishment of a small Shiva temple right outside the cave. The folklore has a lot of hope and belief in this temple. Apart from its rich holistic and religious value, the caves are a major tourist attraction in India. The dynamic karstic limestone structures and the confluence of sunlight and darkness that forms amazing shapes inside caves have its own uniqueness.
The name literally means “the caves which are bored on the ground”. The altitude of this cave is 2310 ft., it is the largest of its kind in India. The cave is situated on the Anantagiri Hilly range in Araku valley. Tourists can see numerous Stalactite and Stalagmite formations on Roof and ground respectively. The Stalactite and Stalagmite are formed by the corrosion caused by sulphur spring over the limestone base.
Few of the sculptures inside the caves are imagined in the form of Lord Shiv and Goddess Parvati, Church, Mother-Child, Human Brain, Crocodile, Mushroom, Temple etc. The Bora caves are entirely aphotic in nature (limited light zone) and also very deep. Araku Valley tribes like Porja, Kondadora, Nookadora, Valmiki, Jatapu etc formed a small temple with a Stalagmite Shiv Ling and conducts prayers in the entrance of these Caves. Also the tribes believe that the caves are the origin place for Gosthani River. The Borra Caves has separate railway station. The tourists can choose railway route from Visakhapatnam to access Borra cave rather than Road trip as the train to Borra Caves passes though nearly 30 tunnel routes which sounds very adventurous.
A walk in these caves unfolds the serene beauty of Andhra Pradesh, which is surrounded by rich flora and fauna. The caves are near to Araku hill station and provide a peaceful and soothing outing for travellers. The Tribal Museum, Padampura Gardens and Katika Waterfalls are some other beautiful and engulfing tourist attractions for all the travel lovers. The best time to visit Borra Caves is from November to march. The weather in these months stay pleasant and it is easy to navigate as well as roam around the nearby destinations.