Sinhagad Fort or Lion’s fort is situated about 30 KMs from Pune. Housed on a hilltop 1312 meters above sea level, it served as an ideal location strategically, though the steep hillsides of the Bhuleshwar range of Sahyadri Mountains make the fort inaccessible. The fort originally named Kondana after the sage Kaundinya was probably built 2000 years ago as corroborated by the carvings on the temple caves. Famous for the battle of Sinhagad fought between Tanaji, a general of Shivaji and Shahji Bhonsle, commander of Ibrahim Adil Shah I. Tanaji died but his brother Suryaji captured the fort.
The fort, which holds the memorials of Tanaji, has witnessed many attacks but the Marathas regularly gained control, until the British conquered in 1818. The original fort lies in ruins and the remnants serve as a training establishment for the National Defence Academy. Tourists like to picnic here while others enjoy the treks along the steep hillsides.