Sigiriya is one of the most important historical monuments of Sri Lanka. The citadel here is also known as the ‘Lion’s Rock’. Referred by locals as the Eighth Wonder of the World this ancient palace and fortress complex has significant archaeological importance and attracts thousands of tourists every year. It is probably the most visited tourist destination of Sri Lanka.The palace is located in the center of the island between the towns of Dambulla and Habarane on a massive rocky plateau which is on an elevation of 370. The fortress complex includes residues of a destructed palace, surrounded by an extensive network of fortifications, vast gardens, ponds, canals, and fountains.The surrounding territories of Sigiriya were inhibited for several thousand years. T
he main entrance to Sigiriya is located in the northern side of the rock. The western wall of Sigiriya was almost entirely covered by frescoes, created during the reign of Kasyapa. Eighteen frescoes have survived to this day. The gardens of Sigiriya are among the oldest landscaped gardens in the world. Sigiriya has water gardens, cave and boulder gardens, and also terraced gardens.They are located in the western part of the rock and are with a complex hydraulic system, which consists of canals, locks, lakes, dams, bridges, fountains, as well as surface and underground water pumps.